Reading data via the data services¶
Reading data from the Indicia warehouse is performed via a set of web services, the data services. Some basic principles are:
Requests for data need read authentication tokens attached as GET or POST parameters. These tell the warehouse that the request for data is authentic and which website is requesting data, so that it can filter the response to return appropriate records.
The Data Services are accessed via the URL of the site root + /index.php/services/data/ + the name of the required data entity, which is the singular version of the required table name, for example
http://www.mysite.com/index.php/services/data/termlist. Here is a list of available entities.
The attributes returned for each record are loaded from database views rather than direct from the table. This gives the chance to return meaningful information for each record, for example the termlists_term entity is used to load terms from a term list, even though the terms themselves are stored in the term entity. So, the views used by the data services to access the termlists_terms table join to the terms table to include the term in the results set. By default, the view used to load records for the data services response is called list_` followed by the table name, in this case list_termlists_terms. The prefix of the table loaded can be overridden by specifying a view GET or POST parameter, e.g. specifying view=detail will load records from
Calls to the URLs normally return a formatted JSON document describing the results. Provide a GET or POST parameter called mode with one of the following values to override the output format:
- csv - for Comma Separated Values file format
- nbn - for a tab delimited file compatible with the NBN Exchange format
- xml - for an XML document format.
Requests sent to the Data Services return the records only by default. You can also request the specification of the columns returned or the count of records. The following URL parameters can be provided via GET or POST to control this:
- wantRecords controls whether the records are returned
- wantColumns controls whether the column specifications are returned
- wantCount controls whether the record count is returned (e.g. can be used for providing pagination information in a grid).
If your Data Services request returns only one of the available types of information (records, columns or count), then the required information is returned as the top level item in the response. If there are more than one pieces of information requested then the top level of the response will be an array or list of the items, each containing the relevant set of records, set of columns or count as a sub-item.
When requesting a record or records, it is possible to add a parameter called
columnsto the request URL. The value of this parameter should be set to a comma separated list of the field names in the relevant view being used to access the table (e.g. detail_*, gv_*, list_*) – for example
&columns=id,name. These field names should be lower case. The list is then used when building the query to determine which fields are fetched from the database. If a field is included which is not in the view, it will be ignored.
If the request is a GET, this should put on the URL as normal, if the request is a POST, it should be included in the POST body. If
columnsis not included in the POST or GET, then all the fields in the table view will be returned.
will return the id and name of locations which have a parent location ID of 53. It will not return any geometry data. This can be used to greatly reduce the volume of data returned (and hence download times) for large queries.
For cross-site retrieval using JSONP, an optional callback method can be specified by providing ?callback=methodname in the GET string.
Although RESTful standards dictate that the GET request is used to get information whereas POST requests are used to post records back, the Data Services support POST as well as GET for all parameters. The main reason for this is to support long queries that can break the limits of a URL on some browsers and web servers, such as requests which include a complex polygon boundary for a spatial query.
Specific outputs for each entity can be defined by adding views that generate the formatted output to the modules/indicia_svc_data/views/services/data/<entity name> folder. The view filename defines the mode you request. For example, there is a view in modules/indicia_svc_data/views/services/data/termlists_term/li.php which outputs terms in HTML <li> elements, requested when accessing the termlists_term entity with mode=li as a parameter.
Attaching XSL to XML output¶
By using mode=xsl and passing a GET parameter called xsl to the URL, an XSL transformation
can be linked to by the returned XML document. Either a fully qualified path to the XSL
document is required, or if just a file name is given then the XSL document must exist in
the folder mediaservicesstylesheets within the website root. An example file called
default.xsl is provided. For example
http://www.mysite.com/index.php/services/data/termlist?xsl=default.xsl retrieves the
XML document listing all termlists into the browser and formats it on the client using the
XSL file to appear as an HTML table.
Information on how to read individual records and lists of records in one go are in the following pages.